Bed bugs have made a mad and unforeseen comeback after being mainly eradicated in the first world from 1945 onward, with the introduction of pesticides like DDT. Insect epidemiologist and public health experts believe that it’s sasy access to global travel mixed with greater density living in urban centres that have led to this significant bed bug resurgence. Making the news, it’s metropolitan areas which have seen the spreading of these parasitic insects, insects who’s preference for human blood is strong. The thing that was once confined to bad neighborhoods in the late 1990 and early 2000s is now shredding through your city’s toniest areas. Worse still, bed bugs usually are hard to eliminate after an invasion has started because the bugs move and reproduce with alarming ease and are very good at hiding.
Discovering An Infestation
- But infestations can be eliminated. You need first to know what to look for. Parent bed bugs are generally light brown to reddish brown and possess the dimensions of an apple seed. Babies, AKA nymphs, are lighter in color with a translucence.
- The translucence decreases as the bug matures and the also grow dark in color after they molt. The phrase ‘bed bugs’ pertains to any insect within the Cimex species, of which their are many, but the bugs all have these characteristics.
- The blood of humans is considered the diet of preference for all bed bugs and they make their way to your beds, bed sheets, pillows and clothing at night (but during the day they often retreat to furniture within a 5 foot radius of your bed.
- Note too that bed bugs can be carried in books, travel luggage and cars or trucks making infestation pretty easy). Almost all the activity of bed bugs occurs overnight, but interestingly they aren’t simply nocturnal, just adapt to the sleeping patterns of humans.
How To Check For Bed Bugs
Think you might have bed bugs in your house? There are some easy detection steps to go through that can get you an answer without having to pay the big bucks to a detection company.
So what is a bed bug?
- Well take a look at the pictures above and you’ll be able to see what they look like. What they are, well they are a type of blood sucking louse like a tick, but instead of being an outdoor bug like ticks, it prefers to be indoors.
- They are mostly nocturnal, which is why we find them in beds almost all of the time. They like dark places like crevices and will lay eggs in sheet seams.
- Other than bite marks the other signs of them are fecal spots, blood stains on sheets and molts.Bed bugs like dark places, and they can hide in areas smaller then themselves.
- The cracks in the floor board, the creases in sheets, bolt or screw holes in the furniture frames, window crevasse, and the sheets themselves.
- A thorough inspection of these types of places for the bugs themselves will go a long way in helping you discover if you have an infestation.
- It also makes it easier that bed bugs, though they can live in small groups or singularly, often don’t and will multiply quickly. An adult bed bug can lay up to 5 eggs a day if in the correct environment. These pests usually congregate together and so you can usually spot them easily if you look thoroughly in the spots discussed earlier.
- It is important to note though, that an adult bed bug can live for a whole year without feeding, so even if you think that you have killed all of them, it is important to continuously observe for them. You can never be to cautious, and there is no such thing as to many precautions.
- If you look at the mattress itself you will notice some flaps where the seams are, and these flaps are some of the favorite spots to for these bed bugs to hide. Because these bugs are flat, like their cousins the tick, it is very hard to crush them.
- The most effective way to kill bed bugs if you find them is to burn them or to put a very hot object on them. For instance heat up a pair of tweezers to where the tips of them are a very high temperature and them grab the bed bug.